Stucco has been used since ancient times, being one of the oldest materials used in building construction and also used as a sculptural and artistic material in architecture.
Stucco has been a key ingredient in great architecture on many continents like US, Europe, China, Asia and it was associated with certain historic architectural styles, including: Prairie; Art Deco and Art Moderne; Spanish Colonial, Mission, Pueblo, Mediterranean, English Cotswold Cottage, and Tudor Revival styles.
Traditional stucco is made of lime, sand, and water. Later, the addition of Portland cement changed the composition of stucco to a harder and durable material, representing the modern stucco. Modern stucco also consists of a proprietary mix of additives including fibers and synthetic acrylics that add strength and flexibility.
Cement, acrylic and elastomeric are the most popular stucco finishes, contributing to color, texture and overall visual appeal to the wall. The finish coat can be troweled smooth, hand-textured, floated to a sand finish or sprayed.
Within the last decade, acrylic has become very popular as an alternative finish coat to the traditional portland cement “stucco” finish. Acrylic finish is a synthetic man-made coating and can come in any color and can be matched to almost any shade desired.
By the 1920 stucco was used for many building types like hotels, apartment buildings, private mansions and movie theaters, railroad stations and many others.
These days stucco can be installed on any type of construction, on masonry buildings and on wood framed buildings, residential and commercial buildings.